Another View of Japan


Behind the conflict in Asia(その2)


Behind the conflict in Asia : Internet Archive 16~17ページから原文を引用しました。


All war is brutal. But there is one thing even more brutal — the willingness of public officials to sacrifice the lives of innocent civilians in order to make effective propaganda. And this, according to Mr. W. B. Courtney, writing in Collier’s of February 4, high officials of the Chiang Kai-shek regime have frequently done. I quote from Mr. Courtney’s article: 

あらゆる戦争は残酷だ。だが、より残忍なことがある――効果的な宣伝をするために官吏が罪のない市民の生命の犠牲を厭わないこと。2月4日の Collier's 誌、W. B. Courtney氏の記事によれば、蒋介石政権の高官がそれを頻繁に行っている。 Courtney氏の記事から引用する。


After each raid on Hankow or Changsha, and similar places, the Chinese Propaganda Ministry would hand out statistics to the correspondents — 600, or 800, or whatever the number ’innocent civilians’ killed. We never suspected the innocence of the poor victims. We questioned that of the officials, whose eagerness in telling us how many civilians were killed was matched by their remissness in failing to tell those civilians how to avoid being killed.




The marksmanship of Japanese bombing pilots was perhaps often at fault; but, within my personal observation, not their intentions. Canton and Hankow, for example, were very well fortified cities, military headquarters, bristling with legitimate objectives. I have a map of Canton showing the areas in which destruction of non-military property, and deaths of civilians occurred. Each was in the near vicinity of a military objective: utility plants, a bridge, railroads.



One American hospital, within a few hundred feet of important rail yards, had a small American flag painted on a terra-cotta roof; no pilot could have discerned this from 1000 feet. On every side were buildings used by the military. Lingnan University (Canton Christian College, Rockefeller-endowed) had a Chinese anti-aircraft gun on its campus until faculty pleas secured its removal.



Japanese raids did enormous damage, caused thousands of non'combatant deaths.
But those of us who looked on knew that most of those deaths were unnecessary. They were due to negligence of authorities, who did not instruct and drill their populations in how to protect themselves.